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Purdue School of Engineering and Technology

Purdue School of Engineering and Technology

Fundamentals of Electromechanical Materials and Energy Engineering

EEN 22000 / 3 Cr.

This course examines the chemistry and structure of materials and their correlation with various electrochemical properties including their suitability for use in conversion and storage of electrochemical energy, energy related materials, and chemical and renewable energy sources.
Textbooks

Y. Kim, Fundamentals of Energy Conversion Materials, Pearson, 2012

Goals

The objective of this course is to familiarize the student with various electrochemical properties of engineering materials.  To achieve this goal, students will review the basic concepts of the atom, chemical bonding, and solids.  Students will also be introduced to the concepts of thermodynamics, kinetics, and electrochemistry.  Students will then gain the ability to apply these principles to electrochemical applications including batteries, supercapacitors, and fuel cells.   

Outcomes

Upon successful completion of this course, students should be able to:

Lecture Outcomes

  1. Explain the concept of electrons, atoms, ions, and chemical bonding of materials
  2. Apply thermodynamics and chemical equilibrium to materials
  3. Apply the concept of chemical kinetics and catalysis to materials
  4. Relate thermodynamics and kinetics to electrochemistry
  5. Find how the chemistry and the structure of a material relates to its electrochemical properties
  6. Predict theoretical limitations of the electrochemical properties of materials
  7. Analyze electrochemical devices including battery, supercapacitor, and fuel cell

Laboratory Outcomes

  1. Distinguish between crystal structures with an elemental base and those with more complex bases such as alloys or compounds
  2. Quantify the relationship between equilibrium constant, enthalpy, entropy, and free energy of a reaction
  3. Explain the effect of particle size, temperature, concentration, and catalyst on reaction rate
  4. Measure reduction potential of materials and calculate their theoretical thermodynamic potential
  5. Build primary and rechargeable batteries and explain their differences and performance levels
  6. Measure electrochemical properties of electrochemical cells compared with their theoretical limits including voltage, capacity, and rate capability
  7. Work in teams to obtain and process data accurately, and report experimental work individually
Topics

Topics:

  1. Atoms and Molecules (2 periods)

a)     Atomic Structure

b)    Periodic Table

  1. Chemical Bonding (2 periods)

a)     Ionic bonding

b)    Covalent bonding

c)     Metallic bonding

  1. State of Matter (2 periods)

a)     Solids

b)    Liquids

c)     Gases

  1. Thermodynamics and Chemical Equilibrium (4 periods)
  1. Chemical Kinetics and Catalysis (4 periods)
  1. Electrochemistry (5 periods)

a)     Electrochemical Cell

b)    Faraday’s laws

c)     Electrode potential

d)    Thermodynamics of electrochemical cells

e)     Polarization losses in electrochemical cells

f)     Electrode processes and kinetics

  1. Conversion and Storage of Electrochemical Energy (5 periods)

a)     Batteries

b)    Li-ion batteries

c)     Electrochemical capacitors

d)    Fuel cells

  1. Renewable Energy Sources (2 periods)

Laboratory

Experiments:

  1. Structure of Solid State Materials
  2. Laws of Thermodynamics
  3. Chemical Kinetics
  4. Electrochemical Cells (I): Galvanic Cells
  5. Electrochemical Cells (II): Electrolytic Cells
  6. Rechargeable Batteries and Electrode Materials
  7. Button Cell
  8. Characterize Electrochemical Devices: Battery, Supercapacitor, and Fuel cell