IUPUI Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis

IUPUI School of Engineering and Technology

IUPUI School of Engineering and Technology


Design and Fabrication of Electric Vehicles (EV) and Hybrid Electric Vehicles

1. Electric Vehicles

Dr. Jing Zhang serves as the faculty advisor of IUPUI SAE sponsored student competition teams -SAE Clean Snowmobile Challenge, SAE Hybrid Formula, SAE Supermileage, Shell Ecomarathon(see the table).

IUPUI SAE Student Competitions
IUPUI IUPUI plug in hybrid electric vehicle PHEV

2. Hybrid Electric Vehicles

Hybrid formula IUPUI

The Formula Hybrid student automotive design competition encourages the development of hybrid automotive drive trains with an emphasis on efficiency in a high-performance application. Improved efficiency in an automotive drive system can be used to increase fuel economy, performance, or both. Building on the Formula SAE program, Formula Hybrid adds an extra level of complexity: fuel efficiency.Like Formula SAE events, the Hybrid competition includes an acceleration test, autocross and endurance events, as well as engineering and construction static events. Unlike Formula SAE, Formula Hybrid events put a greater emphasis on drive train innovation and fuel efficiency.


In the second project, a Ski-Doo Renegade 550F was modified to electric power with small generator. A high-performance snowmobile utilizing a hybrid-electric drive system by combining the capabilities of a gasoline engine and electric motor can be produced. Our proposed design would utilize an electric Ski-Doo Renegade Sport 550F. The machine weighs 250 kg (550 lb). This is the same weight of the electric entry for the University of Alaska this year. A Honda EU1000 generator and an Elcon PFC 1.5 kW battery charger are located onboard the snowmobile. The snowmobile will have a lighter battery and smaller track reducing the weight by 22 kg (49 lb). This snowmobile will pass the range test of 32.19 km (20 mi) range at 32 km/h (20 mi/h) under optimal snow conditions. This snowmobile features a modified NetGain WarP 7 DC-series motor and is connected directly to the sprocket shaft using a Gates Poly Chain. The accumulator is configured to support 177.6 V using LiNiCoMn battery technology that performs at 200 Wh/kg. The battery box, containing the 8 kW·h accumulator, comes off as one piece. Figure shows the placement of the small generator.


1.Michael Golub, Jing Zhang, Current Challenges and Outlook of Electric Snowmobile Technology - Lessons from Clean Snowmobile Challenge, EVS29 Symposium Montréal, Québec, Canada, June 19-22, 2016

2. Fatin Baharuddin, Guiming Chen, Yu-Ren Chen, Bhavesh Vijay Gandhi, Samad Abdul Mohammed, Grant Wible, Linmin Wu, Zhen Wei Yong , Yi Zhang, Jing Zhang, Designing a Low-cost, Light-weight Electric Snowmobile, 2015 SAE International

3. Joseph Derrick, Adam Mattingly, Abdullah Al Alhareth, Zhou Bingcheng, Hamza Nawaz, Eyan Stevenson, Muhammad Faruqui, Lingbin Meng, Dileep Balaji, Bhavesh Gandhi, Michael Golub, Jorge Ortiz, Trayton Meyer, Joshua Frankum, Jaspal Saini, Brian McGuire, Jing Zhang, A Quality Function Deployment (QFD) for Electric Snowmobile – Phase 1, 2016-E55, 2016 SAE International

4. Michael Golub, Issac Thompson, David Apperson, Electric Hybrid Snowmobile Design, 2012 SAE International